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주요 관심분야 
심방세동, 심실빈맥

Profile

연세대학교 의과대학 내과학 교수

세브란스 심장혈관병원 부정맥 센터 전기생리검사 실장

대한 심장학회 부정맥 연구회 학술 위원장

대한 심장학회 학술위원 부정맥 분과 간사

대한 내과 학회 순환기 분과 위원

아태 부정맥 학회 (APHRS) 정회원

미국 부정맥 학회 (HRS) 정회원



수상 경력

Best paper award, 2014

Department of Internal Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine


Best paper award,
2013

Korean Heart Rhythm Socienty


excellent contribution award,
2013

Asia Pacific Heart Rhythm Socienty


Best professor award, clinical 2012
Yonsei University Health System


clinical research award, winner
,
2004

48th Korean Circulation Society Scientific Session
"Significance of unipolar electrogram morphology at the earliest activation site in ventricular tachycardia originated from right ventricular outflow tract

 

Young Investigator Award, HONORABLE MENSION, 2003

2003 North American Society of Pacing and Electrophysiology, Scientific Session
“Catheter ablation of ventricular fibrillation in rabbit ventricles treated with beta-blockers”

 

yOUNG INVESTIGATOR AWARD, HONORABLE MENSION, 2002

2002 American College of Cardiology Scientific Session
Mesenchymal stem cell injection induces cardiac nerve sprouting and increased tenascin expression  
in
a swine model of myocardial infarction

 

yOUNG INVESTIGATOR AWARD, WINNER, 1999

43rd Korean Circulation Society Scientific Session
 "Effects of action potential duration on action potential duration restitution kinetics and on the initiation 

and maintenance of ventricular fibrillation"



Education & Training

      CEDARS-SINAI MEDICAL CENTER, Los Angeles, CA, U.S.A.
      DIVISION OF CARDIOLOGY
           Research fellow, 2001-2003

 

      KOREA UNIVERSITY MEDICAL CENTER, Seoul, South Korea

      DIVISION OF CARDIOLOGY

           Clinical fellow, 1999-2001
                                                                    

     KOREA UNIVERSITY MEDICAL CENTER, Seoul, South Korea

      DIVISION OF INTERNAL MEDICINE

           Resident, 1992-1996

 

      KOREA UNIVERSITY MEDICAL CENTER, Seoul, South Korea

           Internship, March 1991-February 1992

  
Professional Experiences

    YONSEI UNIVERSITY HEALTH SYSTEM, Seoul, Republic of Korea, 2009 – current

     KOREA UNIVERSITY CARDIOVASCULAR CENTER, Seoul, Republic of Korea, 2004~2009

     KOREA UNIVERSITY CARDIOVASCULAR CENTER, Seoul, Republic of Korea, 2003~2004

     UTAH VALLEY MEDICAL CENTER, Provo, UT, U.S.A., 2003

     KOREA UNIVERSITY MEDICAL CENTER, Seoul, Republic of Korea, 1999~2001


Publications
Peer Reviewed Papers (SCI Registered Journals)

 

1.      Shin DG, Kim TH, Uhm JS, Kim JY, Joung B, Lee MH, Pak HN. Shorter pre-procedural anticoagulation period but increased intra-procedural heparin requirement with novel oral anticoagulants than with warfarin in catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation. Yonsei Med J. 2015;[In Press]

2.      Kim TH, Lee JS, Park J, Park JK, Uhm JS, Joung B, Lee MH, Pak HN. Blunted rate-dependent left atrial pressure response during isoproterenol infusion in patients with impaired left ventricular diastolic function: a comparison to pacing. Europace. 2015;[In Press]

3.      Kim IS, Yang PS, Kim TH, Park J, Park JK, Uhm JS, Joung B, Lee MH, Pak HN. Clinical significance of additional ablation of atrial premature beats after catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation. Yonsei Med J. 2015;[In Press].

4.      Park JH, Hong SY, Wi J, Lee DL, Joung B, Lee MH, Pak HN. Catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation raises the plasma level of NGF-b which is associated with sympathetic nerve activity and atrial premature contractions. Yonsei Med J. 2015;[In Press].

5.      Shim J, Park JH, Lee JY, Uhm J, Joung B, Lee MH, Ellinor PT, Pak HN. eNOS3 genetic polymorphism is related to post-ablation early recurrence of atrial fibrillation. Yonsei Med J.2015;56)5):1244-50.

6.      Moon J, Lee HJ, Kim JY, Pak HN, Lee MH, Kim YJ, Joung B. Prognostic implications of right and left atrial enlargement after radiofrequency catheter ablation in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation. Korean Circ J. 2015;45(4):301-9.

7.      Uhm JS, YOun JC, Lee HJ, Park J, Park JK, Shim CY, Hong GR, Joung B, Pak HN, Lee MH. Accessory papillary muscles and papillary muscle hypertrophy are associated with sudden cardiac arrest of unknown cause. Int J Cardiol. 2015;197:285-291.

8.      Jang JY, Shim CY, Pak HN. Multiple coronary artieris to left atrial fistulae: an uncommon complication of radiofrequency ablation for atrial fibrillation. Can J Cardiol. 2015;31(8):1073-e9-1073.

9.      Lee SE, Uhm JS, Kim JY, Pak HN, Lee MH, Joung B. Combined ECG, echocardiographic, and biomarker criteria for diagnosing acute myocardial infarction in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients. Yonsei Med J. 2015;56(4):887-94.

10.    Park H, Oh CM, Park J, Park H, Cui S, Kim HS, Namkung J, Park SK, Pak HN, Lee MH, Kim H, Joung B. Deletion of the serotonin receptor type 3A in mice leads to sudden cardiac death during pregnancy. Circ J. 2015;79(8):1807-15.

11.    Park JK, Park J, Uhm JS, Joung B, Lee MH, Pak HN. Low P-wave amplitude (<0.1mV) in lead I is associated with displaced interatrial conduction and clinical recurrence of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation after radiofrequency catheter ablation. Europace 2015;[PMID25969437]

12.    Lee JM, Seo J, Uhm JS, Kim YJ, Lee HJ, Kim JY, Sung JH, Pak HN, Lee MH, Joung B. Why is left atrial appendage morphology related to strokes? An analysis of the flow velocity and orifice size of the left atrial appendage. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2015;[PMID25959871]

13.    Lee JM, Hong GR, Pak HN, Shim CY, Houle H, Vannan MA, Kim M, Chung N. Clinical impact of quantitative left atrial vortex flow analysis in patients with atrial fibrillation: a comparison with invasive left atrial voltage mapping. Int J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2015;31(6):1139-48.

14.    Kim JY, Kim SH, Kim SS, Lee KH, Park HW, Cho JG, Uhm JS, Joung B, Pak HN, Lee MH, Park SJ, On YK, Kim JS, Lim HE, Shim J, Choi JI, Prak SW, Kim YH, Lee WS, Kim J, Nam GB, Choi KJ, Kim YH, Oh YS, Lee MY, Rho TH. Benefit of implantable cadioverter-defibrillator therapy after generator replacement in patients with Brugada syndrome. Int J Cardiol. 2015;187:340-344.

15.    Youn JC, Pak HN, Kwon HJ, Kang SM. Watch out for the WATCHMAN. Eur Heart J. 2015;36(26):1648.

16.    Lee SE, Uhm JS, Kim JY, Pak HN, Lee MH, Joung B. Combined ECG, echocardiographic, and biomarker criteria for diagnosing acute myocardial infarction in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients. Yonsei Med J. 2015;56(4):887-94.

17.    GARFIELD-AF Investigators. Does sex affect anticoagulant use for stroke prevention in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation? The prospective global anticoagulant registry in the FIELD-Atrial Fibrillation. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2015;8(2 Suppl 1):S12-20.

18.    Kim DR, Won H, Uhm H, Kim JY, Sung JH, Pak HN, Lee MH, Joung B. Comparison of two different doses of single bolus steroid injection to prevent atrial fibrillation recurrence after radiofrequency catheter ablation. Yonsei Med J. 2015;56(2):324-31.

19.    Kim TH, Park J, Park JK, Uhm JS, Joung B, Hwang C, Lee MH, Pak HN. Linear ablation in addition to circumferential pulmonary vein isolation (Dallas lesion set) does not improve clinical outcome in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation: A prospective randomized study. Europace. 2015;17(3):388-95.

20.    Park H, Park H, Hwang HJ, Hwang HS, Kim H, Choi BR, Pak HN, Lee MH, Chung JH, Joung B. Alpha B-crystallin prevents ventricular arrhythmia by attenuating inflammation and oxidative stress in rate with autoimmune myocarditis. Int J Cardiol. 2014;182C:399-402.

21.    Lee JS, YG Ko, Shin KJ, Kim SK, Park JH, Hwang KC, Pak HN. Mitochondrial DNA 4977bp Deletion Mutation in Peripheral Blood Reflects Atrial Remodeling in Patients with Non-valvular Atrial Fibrillation. Yonsei Med J. 2015;56(1):53-61.

22.    Song C, Jin MN, Lee JH, Kim IS, Uhm JS, Pak HN, Lee MH, Joung B. Predictors of sick sinus syndrome in patients after successful radiofrequency catheter ablation of atrial flutter. Yonsei Med J. 2015;56(1):31-7.

23.    Kim IS, Kim TH, Shim CY, Mun HS, Uhm JS, Joung B, Hong GR, Lee MH, Pak HN. The ratio of early transmitrla flow velocity € to early mitrla annular velocity (Em) predicts improvement left ventricular systolic and diastolic function 1-year after catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation. Europace. 2015;17(7):1051-8.

24.    Kim TH, Kim JY, Lee HY, Roh YH, Uhm JS, Pak HN, Lee MH, Joung B. Heparin bridging in warfarin anticoagulation therapy initiation could increase bleeding in nonvalvaular atrial fibrillation patients: A multicenter propensity-matched analysis. J Thromb Haemost. 2015;13(2):182-90.

25.    Lee SJ, Uhm JS, Kim JY, Pak HN, Lee MH, Joung B. The safety and efficacy of vitamin K antagonist in patients with atrial fibrillation and liver cirrhosis. Int J Cardiol. 2014;180C:185-191.

26.    Hwang M, Park J, Lee YS, Park JH, Choi SH, Shim EB, Pak HN. Fibrillation number based on wavelength and critical mass in patients who underwent radiofrequency catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2015;62(2):673-9.

27.    Kang KW, Pak HN, Park J, Park JG, Uhm JS, Joung B, Lee MH, Hwang C. Additional linear ablation from the superior vena cava to right atrial septum after pulmonary vein isolation improves the clinical outcome in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation: prospective randomized study. Europace. 2014;16(12):1738-45.

28.    Lee JM, Kim JY, Shim J, Uhm JS, Kim YL, Lee HJ, Pak HN, Lee MH, Joung B. Characteristics of pulmonary vein enlargement in non-valvular atrial fibrillation patients with stroke. Yonsei Med J. 2014;55(6):1516-26.

29.    Park J, Kim TH, Lee JS, Park JK, Uhm JS, Joung B, Lee MH, Pak HN. Prolonged PR interval predicts clinical recurrence of atrial fibrillation after catheter ablation. J Am Heart Assoc. 2014;7(3):e001277.

30.    Hwang M, Lee H, Lee YS, Chung S, Choi SH, Shim EB, Pak HN. Clinical Application of the Fibrillation Number in Patients with an Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator. Prog Biophy Mol Biol. 2014;116(1):33-9..

31.    Hwang M, Kwon SS, Wi Jin, Park M, Lee HS, Park JS, Lee YS, Shim EB, Pak HN. Virtual ablation for atrial fibrillation in personalized in-silico three-dimensional left atrial modeling: comparison with clinical catheter ablation. Prog Biophy Mol Biol. 2014;116(1):40-7.

32.    Kim TH, Park J, Park JK, Uhm JS, Joung B, Lee MH, Pak HN. Pericardial fat volume is associated with clinical recurrence after catheter ablation for persistent atrial fibrillation, but not paroxysmal atrial fibrillation: An analysis of over 600-patients. Int J Cardiol. 2014;176(3):841-6.

33.    Yang PS, Park JG, Pak HN. Catheter ablation for cold water swallowing-induced paroxysmal atrial fibrillation: a case report. Heart Rhythm. 2014;11(12):2300-2.

34.    Park JH, Lee JS, Ko YG, Lee SH, Lee BS, Kang SM, Chang BC, Pak HN. Histological and biochemical comparisons between right atriaum and left atriaum in patients with mitral valvular atrial fibrillation. Korean Circ J. 2014;44(4):233-42.

35.    Park H, Park H, Lee D, Oh S, Lim J, Hwang H, Park S, Pak HN, Lee MH, Joung B. Increased phosphorylation of calcium handling proteins as a proarrhythic mechanism in myocarditis. Circ J. 2014;78(9):2292-301.

36.    Uhm J, Won H, Joung B, Nam GB, Choi KJ, Lee MH, Kim YH, Pak HN. Safety and efficacy of switching anticoagulation to aspirin three months after successful radiofrequency catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation. Yonsei Med J. 2014;55(5):1238-45.

37.    Lee HY, Mun HS, Wi J, Uhm JS, Shim J, Kim JY, Pak HN, Lee MH, Joung B. Early repolarization and myocardial scar predict poorest prognosis in patients with coronary artery disease. Yonsei Med J. 2014;55(4):928-36.

38.    Wi J, Lee HJ, Uhm JS, Kim JY, Pak HN, Lee MH, Kim YJ, Joung B. Complex fractionated atrial electrograms related to left atrial wall thickness. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol.2014;25(11):1141-9.

39.    Cho JS, Kim SH, Shin S, Pak HN, Yang SJ, Oh YJ. Effects of dexmedetomidine in changes in heart rate variability and hemodynamics during tracheal intubation. Am J Ther. 2014;[PMID24832388]

40.    Moon J, Lee HJ, Kim YJ, Kim JY, Pak HN, Ha JW, Lee MH, Joung B. Short stature and ischemic stroke in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation. New insight into the old observation. Int J Cardiol. 2014;174(3):541-4..

41.    Lee JM, Janardhan AH, Kang KW, Joung B, Pak HN, Sundaram S, Choe WC, Lee MH, Hwnag HJ. Paced QT interval is a better predictor of mortality than the intrinsic QT interval: long-term follow-up study. Heart Rhythm. 2014;11(7):1184-9.

42.    Uhm JS, Shim J, Wi J, Mun HS, Park J, Park SH, Joung B, Pak HN, Lee MH. First-degree atrioventricular block is associated with advanced atrioventricular block, atrial fibrillation, and left ventricular dysfunction in patients with hypertension. J Hypertens. 2014;32(5):1115-20.

43.    Lee SH, Kang DR, Jum JS, Shim J, Sung JH, Kim JY, Pak HN, Lee MH, Joung B. New-onset atrial fibrillation predicts long-term newly developed atrial fibrillation after coronary artery bypass graft. Am Heart J. 2014;167(4):593-600.

44.    Yun Y, Hwang M, Park JH, Shin HS, Shim EB, Pak HN. The relationship among complex fractionated electrograms, wavebreak, phase singlularity, and local dominant frequency in fibrillation wave dynamics: a modeling comparison study. J Kor Med Sci. 2014;29(3):370-7.

45.    Park J, Joung B, Uhm J, Shim CY, Hwang C, Lee MH, Pak HN. High left atrial pressure are associated with advanced electroanatomical remodeling of left atrium and independent predictor for clinical recurrence of atrial fibrillation after catheter ablation. Heart Rhythm. 2014;11(6):953-60.

46.    Kang KW, Kim TH, Park J, Uhm JS, Joung B, Hwang C, Lee MH, Pak HN. Long-term changes in heart rate variability after radiofrequency catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation: one year follow-up study with irrigation tip catheter. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2014;25(7):693-700.

47.    Lee SH, Shim J, Pak HN, Lee MH, Joung B. Atrial tachycardia originating from the aortomitral junction. Yonsei Med J. 2014;55(2):530-4.

48.    Kim SK, Pak HN, Park Y. Synergistic restoring effects of isoproterenol and magnesium on KCNQ1 inhibited bradycardia cell models cultured in microelectrode array. Cardiology. 2014;128(1):15-24.

49.    Chung H, Uhm JS, Sung JH, Kim JY, Pak HN, Lee MH, Joung B. The type of sinus node dysfunction might predict the severity of atrial remodeling and clinical outcome after catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation. Int J Cardiol. 2014;172(2):487-9.

50.    Hong SJ, Kim JY, Kim JB, Sung JH, Kim WD, Uhm JS, Lee HJ, Kim JY, Pak HN, Lee MH, Joung B. Multidetector computed tomography may be an adequate screening test to reduce periprocedural stroke in atrial fibrillation ablation; a multicenter propensity matched analysis. Heart Rhythm. 2014;11(5):763-70.

51.    Lee JM, Shim J, Uhm JS, Kim YJ, Lee HJ, Pak HN, Lee MH, Joung B. Impact of increased orifice size and decreased flow velocity of left atrial appendage on stroke in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation. Am J Cardiol. 2014;113(6):963-9.

52.    Park J, Park CH, Lee HJ, Wi J, Uhm JS, Pak HN, Lee M, Kim YJ, Joung B. Left atrial wall thickness rather than epicardial fat thickness is related to complex fractionated atrial electrogram. Int J Cardiol. 2014;172(3):e411-3.

53.    Uhm JS, Shim J, Wi J, Mun HS, Pak HN, Lee MH, Joung B. An electrocardiography algorithm combined with clinical features could localize the origins of focal atrial tachycardias in adjacent structures. Europace. 2013;16(7):1061-8.

54.    Kwon SS, Yun YH, Hong SB, Pak HN, Shim EB. A patient specific model of virtual ablation for atrial fibrillation. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2013;2013:1522-5.

55.    Moon J, Lee HJ, Shim J, Uhm JS, Kim JY, Pak HN, Lee MH, Kim YJ, Lee MH, Joung B. Distinct prognostic impacts of both atrial volumes on outcomes after radiofrequency ablation of nonvalvular atrial fibrillation: Three dimensional imaging study using multidetector computed tomography. Int J Cardiol. 2013;168(6):5430-6.

56.    Shim CY, Lee S, Pak HN. Coronary air embolism associated with atrioesophageal fistula after ablation of atrial fibrillation. Can J Cardiol. 2013;29(10):1329.e17-9.

57.    Mun HS, Shen C, Pak HN, Lee MH, Lin SF, Chen PS, Joung B. Chronic amiodarone therapy impairs function of the superior sinoatrial node in patients with atrial fibrillation. Circ J. 2013;77(9):2255-63.

58.    Moon J, Lee HJ, Kim YJ, Shim J, Kim JY, Pak HN, Lee MH, Joung B. Prognostic implication of atrial pressure in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation and preserved systomic function who undergo radiofrequency catheter ablation: a pilot study. Int J Cardiol. 2013;169(4):4388-90.

59.    Hur J, Pak HN, Kim YJ, Lee HJ, Chang HJ, Hong YJ, Choi BW. Dual-enhancement cardiac computed tomography for assessing left atrial thrombus and pulmonary vein before radiofrequency catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation. Am J Cardiol. 2013;112(2):238-44.

60.    Won HY, Uhm JS, Shim J, Joung B, Lee M-H, Pak HN. The effectiveness of antiarrhythmic drugs on recurrent atrial tachyarrhythmias after catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation. Int J Cardiol. 2013;168(2):1570-2.

61.    Park J, Shim J, Uhm JS, Joung B, Lee MH, Pak HN. Post-shock sinus node recovery time is an independent predictor of recurrence after catheter ablation of longstanding persistent atrial fibrillation. Int J Cardiol. 2013;168(3):1937-42.

62.    Moon J, Shim J, Park JH, Hwang HJ, Joung B, Ha JW, Lee MH, Pak HN. Small left atrial volume is an independent predictor for fainting during head-up tilt test: The impact of intracardiac volume reserve in vasovagal syncope. Int J Cardiol. 2013;166:44-49.

63.    Park J, Kim SK, Pak HN. A case of long QT syndrome type 3 aggravated by beta-blockers and alleviated by mexiletine: the role of epinephrine provocation test. Yonsei Med J. 2013;54(2):529-33.

64.    Han JH, Shin DH, Lee HJ, Kim YJ, Lee SH, Shim J, Uhm JS, Kim JY, Chang HJ, Pak HN, Lee MH, Joung B. Routine preprocedural transesophageal echocardiography might not be necessary for stroke prevention evaluation in AF patients on anticoagulation theraphy. Int J Cardiol. 2013;168(3):1992-6.

65.    Park H, Park S, Jeon H, Song BW, Kim JB, Kim CS, Pak HN, Hwang KC, Lee MH, Chung JH, Joung B. Alpha B-crystallin prevents the arrhythmogenic effects of particulate matter isolated from ambient air by attenuating oxidative stress. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2012;266(2):267-75.

66.    Lee JS, Shim CY, Wi J, Joung B, Ha JW, Lee MH, Pak HN. Left ventricular diastolic function is closely associated with a mechanical function of left atrium in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. Circ J. 2013;77(3):697-704.

67.    Pak HN, Shim CY, Kim JS, Park JW, Jang Y. Self-expandable device for closing of left atrial appendage with organized thrombus using a self-expandable device in a patient with permanent atrial fibrillation. Can J Cardiol. 2012;29(10):697-704.

68.    Wi J, Choi JY, Shim JM, Uhm JS, Hwang HJ, Kim JY, Pak HN, Joung B, Lee M. Fate of preoperative atrial fibrillation after correction of atrial septal defect. Circ J. 2012;77(1):109-15.

69.    Hwang HJ, Chang W, Song BW, Song H, Cha MJ, Kim IK, Lim S, Choi EJ, Ham O, Lee SY, Shim J, Joung B, Pak HN, Kim SS, Choi BR, Jang Y, Lee MH, Hwang KC. Antiarrhythmic potential of mesenchymal stem cell is modulated by hypoxic environment. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2012;60(17):1698-706.

70.    Won H, Kim JY, Shim J, Uhm JS, Pak HN, Lee MH, Joung B. Effect of a single bolus injection of low-dose hydrocortisone for prevention of atrial fibrillation recurrence after radiofrequency catheter ablation. CircJ. 2012;77(1):53-9.

71.    Uhm JS, Mun HS, Wi J, Shim J, Joung B, Lee MH, Pak HN. Prolonged atrial refractory period in atrial fibrillation patients associated with structural heart disease or sinus node dysfunction compared with lone atrial fibrillation. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2012;36(2):163-71.

72.    Hwang ES, Nam GB, Joung B, Park J, Lee JS, Shim J, Uhm J, Lee MH, Pak HN. Significant reduction of atrial defibrillation threshold and inducibility by catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2012;35(12):1428-35.

73.    Uhm JS, Mun HS, Shim J, Hwang HJ, Sung JH, Kim JY, Pak HN, Lee MH, Joung B. Importance of tachycardia cycle length for differentiating typical atrial flutter from scar-related in adult congenital heart disease. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2012;35(11):1338-47.

74.    Shim J, Joung B, Park JH, Uhm JS, Lee MH, Pak HN. Long duration of radiofrequency energy delivery is an independent predictor of clinical recurrence after catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation: Over 500 cases experience. Int J Cardiol. 2013;167(6):2667-72.

75.    Park JH, Pak HN, Lee S, Park HK, Seo JW, Chang BC. The clinical significance of the atrial subendocardial smooth muscle layer and cardiac myofibroblasts in human atrial tissue with valvular atrial fibrillation. Cardiovasc Pathol. 2012;22(1):58-64.

76.    Lee SJ, Shin DH, Hwang HJ, Kim JY, Pak HN, Lee MH, Joung B. Bleeding risk and major adverse eventes in patients with previous ulcer on oral anticoagulation therapy. Am J Cardiol. 2012;110(3):373-7.

77.    Oh CM, Oh J, Shin DH, Hwang HJ, Kim BK, Pak HN, Lee MH, Joung B. Early repolarization pattern predicts cardiac death and fatal arrhythmia in patients with vasospastic angina. Int J Cardiol. 2013;167(4):1181-7.

78.    Shim J, Hwang HJ, Pak HN, Lee MH, Joung B. Male pseudohermaphroditism presented with sudden cardiac death. Yonsei Med J. 2012;53(3):658-61.

79.    Park J, Wi J, Joung B, Lee MH, Kim YH, Hwang C, Pak HN. Prevalence, risk, and benefits of radiofrequency catheter ablation at the aortic cusp for the treatment of mid to anteroseptal supraventricular tachyarrhythmia. Int J Cardiol. 2013;167(3):981-6.

80.    Calkins H, Kuck KH, Cappato R, Brugada J, Camm AJ, Chen SA, Crijns HJ, Damiano RJ Jr, Davies DW, Dimarco J, Edgerton J, Ellenbogen K, Ezekowitz MD, Haines DE, Haissaguerre M, Hindricks G, Iesaka Y, Jackman W, Jalife J, Jais P, Kalman J, Keane D, Kim YH, Kirchhof P, Klein G, Kottkamp H, Kumagai K, Lindsay BD, Mansour M, Marchlinski FE, McCarthy PM, Mont JL, Morady F, Nademanee K, Nakagawa H, Natale A, Nattel S, Packer DL, Pappone C, Prystowsky E, Raviele A, Reddy V, Ruskin JN, Shemin RJ, Tsao HM, Wilber Wedge D; TASK FORCE MEMBERS:; Chairs:, Calkins H, Kuck KH, Cappato R; Section Chairs: Atrial Fibrillation: Definitions, Mechanisms, and Rationale for Ablation—, Chen SA, Prystowsky EN, Kuck KH, Natale A, Haines DE, Marchlinski FE, Calkins H, Davies DW, Lindsay BD, Damiano R Jr, Packer DL, Brugada J, Camm AJ, Crijns HJ, Dimarco J, Edgerton J, Ellenbogen K, Ezekowitz MD, Haissaguerre M, Hindricks G, Iesaka Y, Jackman WM, Jais P, Jalife J, Kalman J, Keane D, Kim YH, Kirchhof P, Klein G, Kottkamp H, Kumagai K, Mansour M, Marchlinski F, McCarthy P, Mont JL, Morady F, Nademanee K, Nakagawa H, Nattel S, Pappone C, Raviele A, Reddy V, Ruskin JN, Shemin RJ, Tsao HM, Wilber D; Document reviewers:, Ad N, Cummings J, Gillinov AM, Heidbuchel H, January C, Lip G, Markowitz S, Nair M, Ovsyshcher IE, Pak HN, Tsuchiya T, Shah D, Siong TW, Vardas PE. 2012 HRS/EHRA/ECAS Expert Consensus Statement on Catheter and Surgical Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation: Recommendations for Patient Selection, Procedural Techniques, Patient Management and Follow-up, Definitions, Endpoints, and Research Trial Design: A report of the Heart Rhythm Society (HRS) Task Force on Catheter and Surgical Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation. Developed in partnership with the European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA), a registered branch of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) and the European Cardiac Arrhythmia Society (ECAS); and in collaboration with the American College of Cardiology (ACC), American Heart Association (AHA), the Asia Pacific Heart Rhythm Society (APHRS), and the Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS). Endorsed by the governing bodies of the American College of Cardiology Foundation, the American Heart Association, the European Cardiac Arrhythmia Society, the European Heart Rhythm Association, the Society of Thoracic Surgeons, the Asia Pacific Heart Rhythm Society, and the Heart Rhythm Society. Europace. 2012;14(4):528-606.

81.    Kim SH, Nam GB, Baek S, Choi OH, Kim HK, Choi KJ, Joung B, Pak HN, Lee MH, Kim SS, Prak SJ, On YK, Kim SJ, Oh IY, Choi EK, Oh S, Choi YS, Hoi JI, Park SW, Kim YH, Lee MY, Lim HE, Lee YS, Cho Y, Kim J, Lee DI, Cho KD, Kim YH. Circardian and seasonal variations of ventricular tachyarrhyhmtias in patients with early repolarization syndrome and Brugada syndrome: analysis of patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillator. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2012;23(7):757-63.

82.    Chung JW, Hwnag HJ, Chung MJ, Park JY, Pak HN, Song SY. Safety of capturel endoscopy using human body communication in patients with cardiac divices. Dig Dis Sci. 2012;57(6):1719-23.

83.    Mun HS, Joung B, Shim J, Hwang HJ, Kim JY, Lee MH, Pak HN. Does additional linear ablation after circumferential pulmonary vein isolation improve clinical outcome clinical outcome in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation? Prospective randomized study. Heart. 2012;98(6):480-4.

84.    Moon J, Jin Hong Y, Shim J, Hwang HJ, Kim JY, Pak HN, Lee MH, Joung B. Right atrial anatomicl remodeling affects early outcomes of nonvalvaular atrial fibrillation after radiofrequency ablation. Circ J. 2012;76(4):860-7.

85.    Park J, Kim YH, Hwang C, Pak HN. Electroanatomical characteristics of idiopathic left ventricular tachycardia and optimal ablation target during sinus rhythm: significance of preferential conduction through Purkinje fibers. Yonsei Med J. 2012:53(2):279-88..

86.    Kim YL, Joung BY, On YK, Shim CY, Lee MH, Kim YH, Pak HN. Early experience using a left atrial appendage occlusion device in patients with atrial fibrillation. Yonsei Med J. 2012;53(1):83-90.

87.    Hwang ES, Pak HN. Mid-septal hypertrophy and apical ballooning; potential mechanism of ventricular tachycardia strorm in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Yonsei Med J. 2012;53(1):221-3.

88.    Kim JB, Kim C, Choi E, Park S, Park H, Pak HN, Lee MH, Shin DC, Hwang KC, Joung B. Particulate air pollution induces arrhythmia via oxidative stress and calcium calmodulin kinase II activation. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2011;259(1):66-73.

89.    Lim SM, Pak HN, Lee MH, Kim SS, Joung B. Fever-induced QTc prolongation and ventricular fibrillation in a healthy young man. Yonsei Med J. 2011;52(6):1025-7.

90.    Shim EB, Hong SB, Lim KM, Leem CH, Youn CH, Pak HN, Earm YE, Noble D. New index for categorizing cardiac reentrant wave: in silico evaluation. IET Syst Biol. 2011;5(5):317.

91.    Koruth JS, Aryana A, Dukkipati SR, Pak HN, Kim YH, Sosa EA, Scanavacca M, Mahapatra S, Ailawadi G, Reddy VY, d’Avila A. Unusual complications of percutaneous epicardial access and epicardial mapping and ablation of cardiac arrhythmias. Circ Arrhythmia Electrophysiol. 2011;4(6):882-8.

92.    Joung B, Hwang HJ, Pak HN, Lin SF, Lee MH, Chen P-S. Abnormal Response of Superior Sinoatrial Node to Sympathetic Stimulation Is a Characteristic Finding in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation and Symptomatic Bradycardia. Circ Arrhythmia Electrophysiol. 2011;4(6):799-807.

93.    Shim J, Park JH, Kim JY, Kim SK, Joung B, Lee MH, Pak HN. Impaired mobilization of bone marrow derived CD34 positive mononuclear cells is related to the recurrence of atrial fibrillation after radiofrequency catheter ablation. Int J Cardiol. 2013;162(3):179-83.

94.    Uhm JS, Hwang IU, Oh YS, Choi MS, Jang SW, Shin WS, Kim JH, Lee MY, Rho TH, Kim YH, Sung JH, Lee YS, Cho JG, Oh DJ, Kim DK, Namgung J, Park KM, Kim YH, Kim YN, Lime HE, Cha TJ, On YK, Shin DG, Pak HN, Kim NH. Prevalenece of electrocardiographic findings suggestive of sudden cardiac death risk in 10,867 apparently healthy young Korean men. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2011;34(6):717-23.

95.    Park JH, Joung B, Son NH, Shim JM, Lee MH, Hwang C, Pak HN. The electroanatomical remodeling of the left atrium is related to CHADS2/CHA2DS2VASc score and events of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation. Europace. 2011:13(11):1541-9.

96.    Kim SK, Park JH, Kim JY, Choi JI, Joung B, Lee MH, Kim SS, Kim YH, Pak HN. High plasma level of transforming growth factor (TGF)-b and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1; potential non-invasive predictors for electroanatomical remodeling of atrium in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation. Circ J. 2011;75(3):557-64.

97.    Pak HN, Oh YS, Lim HE, Kim YH, Hwang C. Comparison of voltage map-guided left atrial anterior wall ablation vs. left lateral isthmus ablation in patients with persistent AF. Heart Rhythm. 2011;8(2):199-206.

98.    Kim YH, Pak HN, Park SM, Shim WJ. Congenital pulmonary vein stenosis in an adult patient treated with transcatheter balloon angioplasty. Eur J Echocard. 2011;12(3):E13.

99.    Kim YH, Pak HN, Park SM, Shim WJ. Chronic frequent premature ventricular complexes originating from right and non-right ventricular outflow tracts. Int Heart J. 2010;51(6):388-93.

100. Park JW, Choi J, Pak HN, Song SJ, Lee JC, Park Y, Shin SM, Sun K. Development of a force-reflecting robotic platform for cardiac catheter navigation. Artif Organs. 2010;34(11):1034-9.

101. Kim WH, Joung B, Shim J, Park JS, Hwang ES, Pak HN, Kim S, Lee M. Long-term outcome of single-chamber atrial pacing compared with dual-chamber pacing in patients with sinus node dysfunction and intact atrioventricular conduction. Yonsei Med J. 2010;51(6):832-7.

102. Kim HS, Pak HN, Park JS, Kim SS. Flecainide-associated Bradycardia-dependent Torsade de Pointes: Another Potential Mechanism of Proarrhythmia. Pacing and Cardiac Electrophysiol. 2010;[PMID 21019131]

103. Choi JI, Pak HN, Park JS, Kwak JJ, Nagamoto Y, Lim HE, Park SW, Hwang C, Kim YH. Clinical Significance of Early Recurrences of Atrial Tachycardia After Atrial Fibrillation Ablation. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2010;21(11):1331-7.

104. Park JH, Park SW, Kim JY, Kim SK, Jeoung BY, Lee MH, Hwang C, Kim YH, Kim SS, Pak HN. Characteristics of complex fractionated atrial electrogram in electroanatomically remodeled left atrium in patients with atrial fibrillation. Circ J. 2010;74(8):1557-63.

105. Kim YH, Lim HE, Pak HN, Kwak JJ, Park JS, Choi JI, Park SW, Kim YH. Role of Residual Potentials Inside Circumferential Pulmonary Veins Ablation Lines in the Recurrence of Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2010;21(9):959-65.

106. Park SM, Kim YH, Choi JI, Pak HN, Kim YH, Shim WJ. Left Atrial Electromechanical Conduction Time Can Predict Six-Month Maintenance of Sinus Rhythm After Electrical Cardioversion in Persistent Atrial Fibrillation by Doppler Tissue Echocardiography. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2010;23(3):309-14.

107. Choi JI, Ryu K, Park E, Benser ME, Jang JK, Lee HS, Lim HE, Pak HN, Kim YH. Atrial activation time and pattern of linear triple-site vs. single-site atrial pacing after cardioversion in patients with atrial fibrillation. Europace. 2010;12(4):508-16.

108. Kim SK, Pak HN, Park JH, Fang YF, Kim GI, Park YD, Hwang C, Kim Y-H, Kim BS. Cardiac cell therapy with mesenchymal stem cell induces cardiac nerve sprouting, angiogenesis, and reduced connexin 43 positive gap junctions, but concomitant electrical pacing increases connexin 43 positive gap junctions in canine heart. Cardiol Young. 2010;29:1-10.

109. Hwang ES, Pak HN, Park SW, Park JS, Joung BY, Lee MH, Kim YH. The Risks and Benefits of an Open Irrigation Tip Catheter in Intensive Radiofrequency Catheter Ablation in Patients with Non-paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation. Circ J. 2010;74(4):644-9.

110. Kwak JJ, Pak HN, Jang JK, Kim SK, Park JH, Choi JI, Hwang C, Kim YH. Safety and convenience of continuous warfarin strategy during peri-procedural period in patient who underwent catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2010;21(6):620-5.

111. Lee BH, Park JS, Park JH, Park JS, Kwak JJ, Hwang ES, Kim SK, Choi DH, Kim YH, Pak HN. The effect and safety of the antithrombotic therapies in patients with atrial fibrillation and CHADS2 score 1. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2010;21(5):510-7.

112. Kim SK, Pak HN, Park JH, Ko KJ, Lee JS, Choi JI, Choi DH, Kim YH. Clinical and serological predictors for the recurrence of atrial fibrillation after electrical cardioversion. Europace. 2009;11(12):1632-8.

113. Kim SK, Pak HN, Park JH, Choi UI, Nam MH, Jo YJ, Kim YH. Non-ischemic titrated cardiac injury caused by radiofrequency catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation mobilizes CD34 positive mononuclear cells by non-SDF-1a mechanism. Europace. 2009;11(8):1024-31.

114. Park JH, Pak HN, Choi EJ, Jang JK, Kim SK, Choi DH, Choi JI, Hwang C, Kim YH. The Relationship between endocardial voltage and regional volume in electroanatomical remodeled left atria in patients with atrial fibrillation:  Comparison of 3 dimensional computed tomographic images and voltage mapping. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2009;20(12):1349-56.

115. Pak HN, Kim YH. T wave alternans detected in defibrillator electrograms: reply. Circ J. 2009;73 (3):594.

116. Lim HE, Kim YH, Kim SH, Kim EJ, Pak HN, Kim YH, Baik I, Shin C. Impact of obstructive sleep apnea on the atrial electromechanical activation time. Circ J. 2009:73(2):249-55.

117. Choi JI, Pak HN, Park JH, Choi EJ, Kim SK, Kwak JJ, Jang JK, Hwang C, Kim YH. Clinical significance of complete conduction block of the left lateral isthmus and its relationship with anatomical variation of the vein of Marshall in patients with non-paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2009;20(6):616-22.

118. Kim JW, Pak HN, Park JH, Nam GB, Kim SK, Lee HS, Jang JK, Choi JI, Kim YH. Defibrillator electrogram T wave alternans as a predictor of spontaneous ventricular tachyarrhythmias in defibrillator recipients. Circ J. 2009;73(1):55-62.

119. Park JH, Pak HN, Kim SK, Jang JK, Choi JI, Lim HE, Hwang C, Kim YH. Electrophysiologic characteristics of complex fractionated atrial electrograms in patients with atrial fibrillation. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2009;20(3):266-72.

120. Lim HE, Pak HN, Tse HF, Lau CP, Hwnag C, Kim YH. Catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation via superior approach in patients with interruption of the inferior vena cava. Heart Rhythm. 2009;6(2):174-9.

121. Lim HE, Pak HN, Kim YH. Coexisting idiopathic left ventricular tachycardia and atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia in a patient with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome. Pacing and Clin Electrophysiol. 2009;32(2):265-8.

122. Liu YB, Lee YT, Pak HN, Lin SF, Fishbein MC, Chen LS, Merz CN, Chen PS. Effects of simvasttin on cardiac neural and electrophysiologic remodeling in rabbits with hypercholesterolemia. Heart Rhythm. 2009;6(1):69-75.

123. Choi JI, Pak HN, Kim YH. Hybrid epicardial and endocardial catheter ablation in patients with atrial fibrillation and suspicious left atrial thrombus. Circ J. 2009;73(2):384-7.

124. Kim YH, Lim HE, Kim SH, Pak HN, Ahn JC, Song WH, Kim YH. Brugada-like ST segement abnormalities associtated with myocardial involvement of hematologic diseases. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2008;31(6):761-4.

125. Choi JI, Park SM, Park JS, Hong SJ, Pak HN, Lim DS, Kim YH, Shim WJ. Changes in Left Atrial Structure and Function After Catheter Ablation and Electrical Cardioversion for Atrial Fibrillation. Circ J. 2008;72(12):2051-7.

126. Pak HN, Kim GI, Lim HE, Fang YH, Choi JI, Kim JS, Hwang C, Kim YH. Both Purkinje cells and left ventricular posteroseptal reentry contribute to the maintenance of ventricular fibrillation in open chest dogs and swine: effects of catheter ablation and cut and sew operation. Circ J. 2008;72(7):1185-92.

127. Shin SH, Park MY, Oh WJ, Hong SJ, Pak HN, Song WH, Lim DS, Kim YH, Shim WJ. Left atrial volume is a predictor of atrial fibrillation recurrence after catheter ablation. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2008;21(6):697-702.

128. Nam MH, Roh KH, Pak HN, Lee CK, Kim YH, Lee KN, Cho Y. Evaluation of the Roche CoaguCheck XS handheld coagulation analyzer in a cardiac outpatient clinic. Ann Clin Lab Sci. 2008;38:37-40.

129. Choi JI, Pak HN, Kim YH. Recurrent syncope 20 years after mediastinal radiation therapy in a patient with breast cancer. Circ J. 2008.72(9):1550-2.

130. Pak HN, Kim JS, Shin SR, Lee HS, Choi JI, Lim HE, Hwang C, Kim YH. Is Empirical Four Pulmonary Vein Isolation Necessary for Focally Triggered Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation?: Comparison of Selective Pulmonary Vein Isolation vs. Empirical Four Pulmoanry Vein Isolation. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2008;31(6):761-4.

131. Park MY, Shin SH, Oh WJ, Lim HE, Pak HN, Lim DS, Kim YH, Ro YM, Shim WJ. The prognostic implication of left atrial appendage mechanical reserve after cardioversion of atrial fibrillation. Circ J. 2008;72(2):256-61.

132. Pak HN, Hwang C, Lim HE, Kim JS, Kim YH. Hybrid epicaridal and endocardial ablation of persistent or permanent atrial fibrillation: new approach for difficult cases. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2007;18:917-923.

133. Lim HE, Pak HN, Ahn JC, Song WH, Kim YH. Torsade de pointes induced by short-term oral amiodarone therapy. Europace. 2006;8(12):1051-3.

134. Kim YH, Lim HE, Pak HN. Use of three dimensional mapping systems in the catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2006;17Suppl3:S16-22.

135. Pak H-N, Hong SJ, Hwang C, Kim Y-H. Twin AV node associated with interruption of inferior vena cava with azygos continuation. J Electrocardiol. 2006;39(4):400-3.

136. Lim HE, Pak H-N, Jung HC, Kim JS, Shim WJ, Kim Y-H. Electrocardiographic manifestations of cardiac metastasis in lung cancer. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2006;29(9):1019-21.

137. Pak H-N, Hwang C, Lim HE, Kim JW, Lee HS, Ro YM, Kim Y-H. Electroanatomic characteristics of atrial premature beats triggering atrial fibrillation in patients with persistent versus paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2006;17:818-24.

138. Pak H-N, Kim Y-H, Lim HE, Chou CC, Miyauchi Y, Fang YH, Sun K, Hwang C, Chen P-S. Role of the posterior papillary muscle and purkinje potentials in the mechanism of ventricular fibrillation in open chest dogs and Swine: effects of catheter ablation. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2006;17:777-783.

139. Lim HE, Pak H-N, Kim Y-H. Epicardial ablation of ventricular tachycardia associated with isolated ventricular non-compaction. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2006;29:797-799.

140. Lim HE, Pak H-N, Kim Y-H. Acute myocarditis associated with cardiac amyloidosis manifesting as transient complete atrioventricular block and slow ventricular tachycardia. Internat J Cardiol. 2006;109:395-397.

141. Miyauchi M, Qu Z, Miyauchi Y, Zhou SM, Pak H-N, Mandel WJ, Fishbein MC, Chen PS, Karagueuzian HS. Chronic nicotine in hearts with healed ventricular myocardial infarction promotes atrial flutter that resembles typical human atrial flutter. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2005;288:H2878-86.

142. Lim HE, Pak H-N, Shin SH, Cho SB, Sun K, Kim Y-H. Collagen plug device-related femoral artery complication visualized by femoral angiography. Internat J Cardiol. 2005;106:128-129.

143. Pak H-N, Lim HE, Kim Y-H. Atrial tachycardia originated from coronary sinus ostium dissociated with fibrillation activity inside persistent left superior vena cava. Heart Rhythm. 2005;2:33.

144. Liu Y-B, Pak H-N, Lamp S, Okuyama Y, Hayashi H, Wu T-J, Weiss J, Chen P-S, Lin S-F. Co-existence of two types of ventricular fibrillation during acute regional ischemia in rabbit ventricles. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2004;15(12):1433-1440.

145. Okuyama Y, Pak H-N, Miyauchi Y, Liu YB, Chou CC, Hayashi H, Fu KJ, Kerwin WF, Kar S, Hata C, Karagueuzian HS, Fishbein MC, Chen P-S, Chen LS. Nerve sprouting induced by radiofrequency catheter ablation in dogs. Heart Rhythm. 2004;1:712-717.

146. Pak H-N, Hong SJ, Hwang GS, Lee HS, Park SW, Lim DS, Shim WJ, Ro YM, Kim Y-H. Spatial dispersion of action potential duration restitution kinetics predicts the induction of ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation in humans. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2004;15(12):1357-63.

147. Chou C-C, Zhou S, Miyauchi Y, Pak H-N, Okuyama Y, Fishbein MC, Karagueuzian HS, Chen P-S: Effects of procainamide on electrical activity in the thoracic veins and the atria in a canine model of sustained atrial fibrillation. Am J Physiol. 2004 ; 286:H1936-H1945.

148. Pak H-N, Okuyama Y, Oh Y-S, Hayashi H, Liu Y-B, Chen P-S, Lin S-F. Improvement of Defibrillation Efficacy with Spatiotemporally Controlled Shocks in Rabbit Ventricles. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2004;15:581-587.

149. Pak H-N, Oh Y-S, Liu Y-B, Lin S-F, Chen P-S. Catheter Ablation of Ventricular Fibrillation in Rabbit Ventricles Treated With Beta-Blockers. Circulation. 2003;108:3149-56.

150. Pak H-N, Liu Y-B, Hayashi H, Okuyama Y, Chen P-S, Lin S-F. Synchronization of ventricular fibrillation with real-time feedback pacing: Implication to low-energy defibrillation. Am J Physiol. 2003;285(6):H2704-11.

151. Pak H-N, Qayyum M, Lai AC, Kim DT, Hamabe A, Miyauchi Y, Lill MC, Frantzen M, Takizawa K, Chen LS, Fishbein MC, Sharifi BG, Chen P-S, Makkar R. Mesenchymal stem cell injection induces cardiac nerve sprouting and increased tenascin expression in a swine model of myocardial infarction. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2003;14:841.

152. Okuyama Y, Miyauchi Y, Park AM, Hamabe A, Zhou S, Hayashi H, Miyauchi M, Omich C, Pak H-N, Brodsky LA, Mandel WJ, Fishbein MC, Karagueuzian HS, Chen P-S. High Resolution Mapping of the Pulmonary Vein and the Vein of Marshall During Induced Atrial Fibrillation and Atrial Tachycardia in a Canine Model of Pacing-Induced Congestive Heart Failure. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2003;42:348-60.

153. Hamabe A, Okuyama Y, Miyauchi Y, Zhou S, Pak H-N, Karagueuzian HS, Fishbein MC, Chen P-S. Correlation between anatomy and electrical activation in canine pulmonary veins. Circulation 2003;107:1550

154.  Hayashi H, Wang C, Miyauchi Y, Omichi C, Pak H-N, Zhou S, Ohara T, Lin S-F, Fishbein MC, Mandel WJ, Chen P-S, Karagueuzian HS: Ageing-related increase to inducible atrial fibrillation in the rat model. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2002;13:801-808.

155. Byung-Soo Kim, Young-Hoon Kim, Gyo-Seung Hwang, Hui-Nam Pak, Sang Chil Lee, Wan Joo Shim, Dong Joo Oh, Young Moo Ro. Action potential duration restitutin kinetics in human atrial fibrillation. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2002;39:1329-36.

156    Kim KJ, Shim WJ, Jung SW, Pak H-N, Lee SJ, Song WH, Kim YH, Seo HS, Oh DJ, Ro YM. Relationship between T-wave normalization on exercise ECG and myocardial functional recovery in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Korean J Intern Med. 2002;17(2):122-30





 

Peer Reviewed Papers (Non-SCI Registered Journals)

1.     Park S, Park H, Hwang HJ, Shim J, Sung JH, Kim JY, Pak HN, Lee MH, Joung B. Heart rate acceleration of a subsidiary pacemaker by beta-adrenergic stimulation. Korean Circ J. 2011;41(11):658-65.

2.     Pak HN. Arrhythmia procedures those cardiologists have to know: when and whom? Korean Circ J. 2011;41(12):III110-III112.

3.     Park S, Park H, Hwang HJ, Shim J, Sung JH, Kim JY, Pak HN, Lee MH, Joung B. Heart rate acceleration of a subsidiary pacemaker by beta-adrenergic stimulation. Korean Circ J. 2011;41(11):658-65.

4.     Pak HN. What’s the advance in atrial fibrillation treatment? J Cardiovasc Ultrasound. 2011;19:S91-S94.

5.     Pak HN. Large circular ring catheter ablation versus anatomically guided ablation of atrial fibrillation: back to the future for successful catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation? Korean Circ J. 41(8):431-3.

6.     Pak HN. Large circular ring catheter guided ablation vs. anatomical guided ablation of atrial fibrillation: back to the future for successful catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation? Korean Circ J. 2011;[In Press].

7.     Park JS, Pak HN, Lee MH, Kim SS, Joung B. Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator lead extraction by conventional traction and counter-traction technique. Korean Circ J. 2010;41(3):164-6.

8.     Jang JK, Park JS, Kim YH, Choi JI, Lim HE, Pak HN, Kim YH. Coexisting sustained tachyarrhythmia in patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing catheter ablation. Korean Circ J. 2010;40(5):235-8.

9.     Kim SK, Pak HN, Park JH, Ko KJ, Lee JS, Wi J, Choi J, Kim YH. Serological predictors for the recurrence of atrial fibrillation after electrical cardioversion. Korean Circ J. 2010.40(4):185-90.

10.  Roh SY, Pak HN, Kim JB, Moon JY, Lee KN, Kim YH. A case of recurrent lead fracture and complete dislocation after permanent pacemaker implantation. The Korean J Intern Med. 2010;78(6):333-336.

11.  Kim SK, Pak HN, Kim GI, Park JH, Kim SK, Fang YF, Lim HE, Kim BS, Hwang C, Kim YH. Human mesenchymal stem cell transplantation induces sympathetic nerve sprouting and reduces gap junction with potential pro-arrhythmias in dog. Kor Circ J. 2008;38:536-543.

12.  Kim JH, Shin SY, Joo HJ, Choi JI, Hong SJ, Pak HN, Kim YH. Percutaneous pulmonary vein angioplasty for the pulmonary vein stenosis after catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation. Kor Circ J. 2008;38:170-13.

13.  Pak HN, Kim Y-H. Chronic atrial fibrillation ablation: linear ablation vs. electrogram guided ablation. Kor Circ J. 2007;38:I59-I61.

14.  Pak HN. Diagnisos and management of common arrhythmias. J Kor Geriatrics Soc. 2006;10:201-208.

15.  Kim JS, Pak H-N, Lim HE, Kim Y-H. A Case of Pacemaker Implantation After Balloon Venoplasty on Innominate Vein Stenosis. Korean Circulation J. 2005;35:558-561

16.  Pak H-N, Hwang GS, Lee SJ, Lee HS, Kim Y-H. Antifibrillatory and proarrhythmic effects of d,l-sotalol mediated by action potential duration restitution kinetics. Korean Circulation J. 2005;35:282-289.

17.  Park MY, Shim WJ, Shin SH, Lim HE, Choi JW, Pak HN, Lim DS, Kim YH, Ro YM. Clinical usefulness of transesophageal echocardiography in detecting infections of implanted intracardiac electrodes: 3 cases of electrodes related infective endocarditis. J Kor Soc Echocardiography. 2004;12:87-90.

18.  Pak HN, Kim Y-H, Chen P-S. Mechanism of ventricular fibrillation: from bench to bedside. Korean Circulation J. 2004;34:153-155.

19.  Pak HN, Hwang GS, Lee SC, Kim BS, Lee SJ, Shim WJ, Ro YM, Kim Y-H. Pro-fibrillatory effects of K[ATP] channel opener and the action potential duration restitution kinetics in isolated swine right ventricle. Korean Circulation J. 2004; 34(3):296-303.

20.  Rha SW, Kim YH, Pak HN, Park SW, Shin SH, Kim EJ, Park SM, Kim YH, Park MY, Lim DS, Shim WJ, Oh DJ, Ro YM. Initiation and maintenance mechanism of atrial fibrillation assessed by 3-dimensional non-contact mapping system. Korean Circulation J. 2004;34(2):195-203.

21.  Na JO, Kim CY, Shin C, Kim YH, Park JS, Park JH, Park MY, Shin SH, Suh SY, Pak HN, Ro YM, Kim YH. Cardiac rhythm disturbance in sleep apnea syndrome: effect of nasal continuous positive airway pressure therapy. Korean Circulation J. 2004;34(2):186-194.

22.  Kim YH, Pak HN, Kim Y-H, Ro YM. Maternally Inherited Familial Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Manifested by Pregnancy Related Early Progression and Sudden Cardiac Death. Korean Circulation J. 2004;34(1):112-117.

23.  Song WH, Ahn JC, Kim JW, Rha SW, Pak HN, Lim DS, Kim Y-H, Shim WJ, Park CG, Seo HS, Oh DJ, Rho YM. Relation between Pulse Wave Velocity, Left Ventricular Diastolic Function, and Circadian Variation of Blood Pressure in Patients with Never Treated Essential Hypertension. Korean Circulation J 2004;34(11):1099-106.

24.  Park MY, Shim WJ, Shin SH, Park JS, Rha JO, Park JH, Kim YH, Park SM, Pak HN, Ahn JC, Song WH, Lim DS, Kim YH, Ro YM. Structural and functional changes of heart after cardioversion of atrial fibrillation. Korean Circulation J. 2003;33(10):918-27.

25.  Kwon C, Jeong S, Bang K, Chae J, Byun K, Kim E, Pak HN, Kim J, Kim YH, Huh W. Development of automati external biphasic defibrillator system II. Korean Electric Engneering. 2003;26:2761-2764.

26.  Jeong SW, Kim Y-H, Shin JH, Kim JS, Park SM, Sohn SM, Hwang GS, Lee SJ, Pak HN, Shim WJ, Oh DJ, Ro YM. Activation Patterns Following Successful and Unsuccessful DC Cardioversion for Atrial Fibrillation. Korean Circulation J 2001;31(12):1297-304.

27.  Kim Y-H, Pak HN, Kim SJ, Hwang GS, Lee SJ, Shim WJ, Oh DJ, Ro YM. Role of KATP Channel during Sustained Ventricular Fibrillation - Electrophysiological Characteristics Necessary for the Inhibition and Prevention of Fibrillation. Korean Circulation J 2001;31(3):359-69

28.  Pak HN, Kim YH, Lee SC, Song WH, Seo HS, Shim WJ, Oh DJ, Ro YM. A Case of Incisional Right Atrial Tachycardia Successfully Ablated with Multielectrode Basket Catheter. Korean Circulation J. 2000;30(11):1448-1458.

29.  Pak HN, Kim YH, Shim WJ, Ro YM. Treatment of end stage heart failure along the pathophysiogy and reverse remodeling. Art. Heart 2000;1(1):9-18.

30.  Pak HN, Shim WJ, Kim KJ, Lee SJ, Hwang GS, Son CS, Lee IS, Kim YH, Ro YM. A case of absent superior vena cava. Korean J Echocar. 2000;7(2):212-217.

31.  Hwang GS, Kim YH, Lee HS, Pak HN, Lee SJ, Lim DS, Seo HS, Shim WJ, Oh DJ, Ro YM, Lee MH. Electrophysiologic Properties of the Atrium in Patients with Chronic and Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation. Korean Circulation J 2000;30(4):448-56.

32.  Hwang GS, Kim YH, Lee HS, Kim BS, Lee SJ, Pak HN, Lim DS, Park CG, Seo HS, Shim WJ, Oh DJ, Ro YM. Electrical Remodeling in Human Atrial Fibrillation Influences Post-Cardioversion Atrial Mechanical Dysfunction and Early Relapse. Korean Circulation J 1999;29(8):788-95.

33.  Pak HN, Park CG, Kim YH, Song WH, Lim DS, Kim Y-H, Seo HS, Shim WJ, Oh DJ, Ro YM. Correlation between hypertensive retinopathy and left ventricular hypertrophy. Korean Hypertension. 1998;4(2):105-111.

34.  Pak HN, Park CK, Han SH, Lee DS, Kim YH, Seo HS, Shim WJ, Oh DJ, Ro YM. Relationship between circardian variation of acute myocardial infarction and morphlogic characteristics of coronary artery lesions. Korean Circulation J. 1996;26(1):20-28.

35.  Park CG, Kim Y-H, Pak HN, Lee SC, Lim DS, Han SH, Seo HS, Shim WJ, Oh DJ, Ro YM. Effects of L-Arginine on post-ischemic myocardial stunning and microvascular stunning. Korean Circulation J. 1996;26:88.

36.  Pak HN, Kim YH, Lim DS, Park CG, Seo HS, Shim WJ, Oh DJ, Ro YM. Diagnostic value of QT and JT dispersion on exercise electrocardiogram in patients with coronary artery disease. Korean Circulation J. 1995;25(3):560-567.

37.  Pak HN, Lee SC, Park CG, Kim YH, Seo HS, Shim WJ, Oh DJ, Ro YM. Coronary angiographic findings and risk factors in acute myocardial infarction patients before and after age 50. Korean Circulation J. 1994;24(6):809-818.

38.  Shin HJ, Kim Y-H, Pak HN, Park CG, Seo HS, Shim WJ, Oh DJ, Park JE, Ro YM. The relation between change of late potential and infarct related artery in acute myocardial infarction. Korean Circulation J. 1993; 23:4.

39.  Park CG, Kim Y-H, Pak HN, Seo HS, Shim WJ, Oh DJ, Park JE, Ro YM. Antihypertensive effects and safety of Celiprolol in patients with essential hypertension. Korean Circulation J. 1993;23:907.

 


Lectures
Lectures in international conferences

1.   Genetic polymorphisms in atrial fibrillation. SIRIC-NCVC Joint Symposium, Nov 11, 2011. Seoul, Korea.

2.   Frequencies of mitochondrial DNA 4977bp deletion mutation, 4q25 PITX2 polymorphisms and their clinical characteristics in patients with atrial fibrillation. Tokyo-Taipei-Seoul Arrhythmia Conference. Oct 29, 2011. Busan, Korea.

3.   How to perform epicardial mapping and ablation? Asian-Pacific Heart rhythm Society Scientifc Sessions. Sep. 22, 2011. Fukuoka, Japan.

4.   Purkinje and papillary muscle in structural heart disease ventricular tachycardia. Asian-Pacific Heart rhythm Society Scientifc Sessions. Sep. 21, 2011. Fukuoka, Japan.

5.   Role of imaging in guiding transcatheter treatment of atrial fibrillation. Severance-Cleveland Cardiovascular Symposium. May 28, 2011. Seoul, Korea.

6.   Catheter ablation of atrial tachycardia in patient with corrected transposition of great arteries. Cardiorhythm 2011. Feb 25, 2011. Hong Kong

7.   Acute pharmacologic management of AF. Cardiorhythm 2011. Feb 25, 2011. Hong Kong

8.   Management of AF in patients with high risk of bleeding: Case and Debates. Samsung-Mayo Cardiovascular Symposium 2010. Dec 04, 2010. Seoul, Korea

9.   Catheter ablation of ventricular tachycardia in patients with tetralogy of Falot. 2nd Asian Pacific Heart Rhythm Society Scientific Sessions. Oct 27, 2010. Jeju, Korea.

10. Structural Remodeling of Atrial Fibrillation. 2nd Asian Pacific Heart Rhythm Society Scientific Sessions. Oct 28, 2010. Jeju, Korea.

11. Non-pharmacologic management of atrial fibrillation. 2nd Annual conference of Arrhythmia-Heart Failure Academy. Sep 03, 2010. Chennai, India.

12. Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy in Heart Failure. Association of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon of Asia. Oct 27, 2009. Seoul, Korea.

13. EP imaging in Procedure of Catheter Ablation 2nd Asian Heart Rhythm Society Scientific Sessions. Oct 23, 2009. Beijing, China.

14. Ablations of AT and VT from Unusual Foci. 2nd Asian Heart Rhythm Society Scientific Sessions. Oct 22, 2009. Beijing, China.

15. EP Tracing and Complex ECG Review Course Part I: EP Tracing Review Course. 2nd Asian Heart Rhythm Society Scientific Sessions. Oct 22, 2009. Beijing, China.

16. Anatomic and Fluoroscopic Views and Uses in Electrophysiologic Laboratory. Cardiorhythm 2009. Feb. 18, 2009; Hong-Kong.

17. NavX guided AF Ablation Who Underwent Percutaneous Mitral Valvuloplasty. 1st Asian Pacific Heart Rhythm Society Scientific Sessions. Nov. 28, 2008. Singapore, Singapore.

18. Mobilization of Endothelial Progenitor Cells after Non-ischemic Myocardial Injury During Radiofrequency Catheter Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation. 1st Asian Pacific Heart Rhythm Society Scientific Sessions. Nov. 27, 2008. Singapore, Singapore.

19. What Have we Learned From Ablation of AT (multifocal, associated anomaly, unusual locations)? 9th Taipei-Tokyo-Seoul Arrhythmia Conference. Oct 04, 2008; Seoul, Korea.

20. Catheter Ablation of Outflow Tract Ventricular Arrhyhtmias. 8th Electrical Intervention Symposium. Aug 23, 2008; Seoul, Korea.

21. Mobilization of CD34 Positive Bone Marrow Derived Cells After Non-ischemic Titrated Cardiac Injury Caused by Radiofrequency Catheter Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation. 12th Korea University Arrhythmia Symposium. June. 2008; Seoul, Korea.

22. Anatomical Considerations of Hemopericardium during the Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation. 3rd Asian-Pacific Atrial Fibrillation Symposium. Oct. 20, 2007;Taipei, Taiwan

23. Imaging Negative Atrioesophageal Fistula After Catheter Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation. 3rd Asian-Pacific Atrial Fibrillation Symposium. Oct. 19, 2007;Taipei, Taiwan

24. Aortic Cusp Origin Arrhyhmias. Hong-Kong Seoul Case Join Conference of Arrhythmia. Oct. 19, 2007, Seoul, Korea.

25. Mesenchymal stem cell therapy and sudden cardiac death. 8th Taipei-Tokyo-Seoul Arrhythmia Conference. Sep 29, 2007; Tokyo, Japan.

26. Ventricular tachycardia in cardiomyopathy. Cardiorhythm 2007. Feb 04, 2007, Hong-Kong

27. EnSite guided superior vena cava isolation in arial fibrillation: technique and results. 2nd Asian-Pacific Atrial Fibrillation Symposium. Nov. 2006;Tokyo, Japan

28. Both posterior papillary muscle and Purkinje network contribute the maintenance of VF in open chest dogs and swine. 7th Taipei-Tokyo-Seoul Arrhythmia Conference. Oct. 2006; Taipei, Taiwan.

29. Catheter ablation of premature ventricular contractions; Why, When, and How? 10th Korea University Arrhythmia Symposium. June. 2006; Seoul, Korea.

30. Can virtual FFT prove driving mechanisms of atrial fibrillation? 1st Asian-Pacific Atrial Fibrillation Symposium. Dec. 2005; Seoul, Korea.

31. Papillary muscle and Purkinje in the therapy of ventricular fibrillation. 9th Korea University Arrhythmia Symposium. June. 2005; Seoul, Korea

32. Mapping and ablation of ventricular fibrillation in animal model. Professor Wu’s Memorial Symposium

33.  Mechanisms and advanced management of cardiac tachyarrhythmia. Nov. 2003;Taipei, Taiwan.

 


Lectures in domestic conferences

1.     Pro- and adverse effects of anti-arrhythmic drugs. Busan-Kyungnam ECG Conference. Ko-Shin Univ. Jan 14. 2012

2.     Arrhythmia procedures those cardiologists have to know: when and whom? Korean Society of Cardiology, Daejeon, Dec 04, 2011.

3.     Advances in the management of atrial fibrillation. Korean Society of Echocardiography. Seoul, Nov 26, 2011.

4.     Atrial tachyarrhythmias after catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation. St Jude Medical Arrhythmia Conference. Seoul, Nov 03, 2011.

5.     Interpretation of electrocardiography: Status of Art. Korean Society of Internal Medicine. Seoul, Oct 22, 2011.

6.     Genetics in patients with atrial fibrillation. Kyemyung Univ. Medical Center Symposium. Dae-Gu, July 08, 2011,

7.     Pharmacological management of post-ablation atrial arrhythmias. Korean Heart Rhythm Symposium. June 04, 2011.

8.     The role of catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation and future perspectives. Korean Society of Circulation. Busan. April 15, 2011.

9.     Overview of atrial fibrillation based on ESC 2010 guideline. Life Insurance Med Assoc. Mar 11, 2011.

10.  Differential diagnosis of narrow QRS tachycardia. Catholic Univ. Cardiology Review Course, Seoul. Oct 24, 2010.

11.  Narrow QRS tachyarrhyhmias. ECG Review Course. Seoul Natl Univ. Aug 21, 2010.

12.  Difficult accessory pathway ablation. Korean Heart Rhythm Symposium. Seoul. June 5, 2010.

13.  Non-pharmacologic management of cardiac arrhythmias. Korean Society of Internal Medicine. Gwang-joo, April 24, 2010.

14.  Non-pharmacologic treatment of atrial fibrillation. Korean Society of Circulation (Honam). Gwang-joo. Mar 06, 2010.

15.  Structure and functions of conduction system; Basis of ECG and systemic interpretation. Busan-Kyungnam ECG Conference. Ko-Shin Univ. Jan 23. 2010

16.  Review of atrioventricular conduction block. ECG Review Course. Seoul Natl Univ. Aug 22, 2009.

17.  Catheter Ablation is Only Indicated in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Refractory to Anti-arrhythmic Drugs? Korean Heart Rhythm Symposium. Seoul. June 13, 2009.

18.  New Approaches to Unusual Targets in Catheter Ablation. Korean Society of Circulation. Dae Gu. April 17, 2009.

19.  Electroanatomical Mapping of Atrial Fibrillation Based on the Pathophysiology. Society of Cardiovascular Biomedical Engineering. Pohang. April 04, 2009.

20.  Proper Utilization of Anti-arrhythmic Drugs for the Patients With Rhythm Disorders. Busan-Kyungnam ECG Conference. Ko-Shin Univ. Jan 10. 2009.

21.  What Did We Learn During Redo Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation? Korean Society of Circulation Scientific Sessions. Oct. 10, 2008.

22.  Diagnosis and Management of Premature Beats. ECG Review Course. Seoul Natl Univ. Sep 06, 2008.

23.  Clinical Use of Class I and III Anti-arrhythmic Drugs. Korean Society of Circulation. Busan Bexco. April 18, 2008.

24.  The Management of Arrhythmias and Practical Utilization of Anticoagulation in Old Generations. Kor Soc of Clin Geriatrics. Ewha Univ. April 12, 2008.

25.  Roles of Purkinje System in the Maintenance of Ventricular Fibrillation. Basic Electrophysiology Review Course. Korea Univ. Hospital. Feb 16, 2008.

26.  Electrocardiographic Informations from ST-T waves. Busan-Kyungnam ECG Conference. Ko-Shin Univ. Jan 26. 2008

27.  Narrow QRS Tachycardia. Electrocardiography Symposium. Dae-Gu Kyemyong Univ. Dec. 09, 2007

28.  Management of Ventricular Arrhythmia in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease. Acute Coronary Syndrome Symposium. Ewha Univ. Dec. 02, 2007

29.  The Evaluation of Syncope. Critical Care Cardiology; Seoul Samsung Hospital. Nov. 24, 2007.

30.  The limitations and Future Directions in Cardiac Cell Therapy. Stem Cell Research Group Workshop. Seoul Natl Univ. Sep 21, 2007.

31.  Narrow QRS Tachycardia. SNUH ECG Review Course. Seoul Natl Univ. Sep 01, 2007.

32.  Mechanism and electrocardiographic findings of paroxysmal supra ventricular tachycardia. Electrophysiology Allied Person CME Course. Jul 14, 2007.

33.  New concepts of arrhythmia in clinical practice. Family Medicine CME Course. May 20, 2007.

34.  Catheter Ablation of Chronic Atrial Fibrillation: Linear Ablation or Electrogram Guided Ablation? Korean Society of Circulation. April 20. 2007.

35.  Evaluation of Narrow QRS Tachycardias. Cardiology Update. Ulsan Univ. Mar 11. 2007.

36.  ECG Characteristics of Paroxysmal Supraventricular Tachycardias. Busan-Kyungnam ECG Conference. Ko-Shin Univ. Jan 20. 2007.

37.  Differential diagnosis of wide QRS rhythm. Electrocardiography Symposium. Dae-Gu Kyemyong Univ. Dec. 2006

38.  Electrophysiologic emengencies in patients with cardiac ciritical care: case based study. Critical Care Cardiology; Seoul Samsung Hospital. Nov. 2006.

39.  Diagnosis and management of common arrhythmias. Korean Geriatrics Society. Nov. 2006.

40.  Do we have to treat every patients with atrial fibrillation: so common disease? Korean Society of Family Medicine. April 2006.

41.  The roles of primary care physician in management of arrhythmia. Family Doctors’ Association. March 2006

42.  Management of intractable ventricular tachyarrhythmia. Critical Care Cardiology; Seoul Samsung Hospital. Nov. 2005.

43.  Catheter ablation of chronic atrial fibrillation in patients with heart failure. Clinical Cardiology Symposium; Jeon-Nam Univercity. Feb. 2005.

44.  Mapping and ablation of ventricular fibrillation : Bench to Bedside. Korean Society of Circulation. Oct. 2004.

45.  Diagnosis and treatment of rhythm disorder. Association of Medical Insurance Reviewers. Sep. 2004.

46.  Interpretation of complex electrocardiogram at the bed-side. Medical Association in Seungbuk Ward. June. 2004.

47.   Mesenchymal stem cell transplantation and cardiac nerve sprouting. Artifical Organ Center, Korea University. June. 2004.

48.  Defibrillation: Special lecture to intern. Korea University Medical Center. May. 2004.

49.  Interpretation of complex electrocardiogram. Medical Association in Ansan City. Oct. 2003.

50.  Mechanism of arrhythmia and anti-arrhythmic drugs. Kwan-dong University Medical School. Mar. 2003.

 



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